Plumbing is the system within a building or a house that has been setup in order to deal with water supply, water heating and waste water disposal. It includes pipes, water tanks, faucets, sinks and other parts. Plumbing is one of the most basic systems in any home because it deals with water and it is a must that a plumber should work in any development.
History of Plumbing- Plumbing has a long history that goes back to the ancient times. Ancient civilizations of Greeks, Persians, Chinese and others learned to developed large cities where there was a dense concentration of population. The need for a steady and large volume of water supply was realized and they started creating public baths and systems of delivering water to the general population. But the development of plumbing stopped after the Roman period and no significant progress was made until the time of the growth of very large industrial cities in the 19th century.
It was at the start of the modern period that authorities realized that proper plumbing was actually instrumental in preventing the spread of some very serious diseases.
Systems in Plumbing- There are several systems that would be considered as part of the plumbing in any structure. These are:
- Water supply for both hot and cold
- Waste water drainage
- Septic tanks and related systems
- Surface water drainage
- Piping system for fuel gas
These are the main components that make up the plumbing system in most homes of today. Plumbers are the ones who are required to do installations for heating systems for water. Sometimes they are the ones who are in charge of connecting the pipes for gas. Anything that has to do with the water supply and the waste water in the house is under the charge of the plumber and they are the ones who take care of that.
Trends in Plumbing Technology- The current trend right now in plumbing technology is connected with using alternative forms of energy in connection with heating water. More and more homes are being installed with solar powered heaters which can help a lot in reducing the electric bills. Another trend in plumbing technology involves using new and better materials for the fixtures and pipes. Water purification is also something that is being looked at in many countries. There are now viable systems that can be installed at homes which can purify water on a household level.
Humans have been aware of electricity and some of the strange and unique properties that has for a long time. It was not until the time of Benjamin Franklin however when serious and scientific study about electricity began. Many scientists and inventors contributed to the understanding of electricity and its harnessing for having a practical use by electricians.
Today our world is being run with this form of energy. We use it in different forms and we derive it from different sources, but electricity is one of the leading forms of energy that we are harnessing. We are reliant on it for communications to transportation. There is still no other means by which we can run devices like air conditioners, washing machines and others. We are totally dependent on it.
Electrical Technology- This technology is a very wide and it covers a lot. Basically it has under it everything that involves having electrons flowing through conductors and other metals. It also involves the design and the creation of components that are using electricity. That includes motors, wiring systems, generators, heating systems, cooling systems. To make things simple, anything that utilizes electrical energy passing through metals and conductors and to control their flow, would fall under this technology.
It also goes beyond the design and manufacture of electrical components. It also involves the testing and the installation of the devices and the systems. Don’t get it confused with electronics technology. Electrical technology deals with wirings and conductors and mostly involves high voltage applications. Electronics technology on the other hand deals with low voltage applications using semiconductors. The two fields are interrelated however and many ways connected.
Trends in Electrical Technology- Like any field of technology today, electrical technology is having some new trends today. The recent developments and research conducted in the field are mostly aimed at increasing the efficiency of electrical systems. More efficient ways of power distribution and transmission is being developed. This is in accordance with the aim of reducing waste. Past technologies experienced a great deal of power loss due to inefficient systems.
One other sort of trend is connected with the new ways of power generation that are coming out today. These methods of power generation are being explored extensively and are being put into use by different countries. These include solar and wind power generation. All of these methods of making electricity require corresponding electrical systems to be developed at the same time as well.
A vacuum cleaner is a device that uses the pumping of air for sucking in dirt and debris on surfaces. The pump creates a vacuum which accounts for the sucking action. The collected debris and dust are placed in a bag or a receptacle where it can be disposed later on. This type of device is one of the most commonly used household appliances today.
History of Vacuum Cleaners- The idea of using a form of suction as a means of drawing dirt and dust has a long history. You can trace its roots in the middle 19th Century when the first manual vacuum cleaners came out. By today’s standards those devices were quite primitive but they were quite revolutionary back then. When electrical power supplies became common at the start of the 20th century, one of the first household device that was devised to take advantage of the new power source was the vacuum cleaner.
There have been a lot of innovations and many inventors and manufacturers involved in the evolution of vacuum cleaners. They have all made their mark in making it an essential household device.
Vacuum Cleaning Technology- There are several types of vacuum cleaners that are available now. They have been developed for different uses. Here are some of the more common types today:
- Upright- This form of vacuum cleaner is usually comprised of the cleaning head with a long handle attached to it. It is also equipped with a cleaner that rotates in order to remove the dust and debris on the surface. This device is commonly used in the U.S. and Britain.
- Drum and Canister- This type of vacuum cleaner is made up of a cylindrical unit where the dust and debris are collected and a flexible hose with the head. The drum type is the heavy duty version and can suck a great deal of dirt. It is usually equipped with wheels so moving it around is an easy thing.
- Wet/ Dry- These are actually drum type cleaners, but they have the additional feature of being able to clean spills of liquid. It is normally used for heavy duty cleaning.
- Hand Held- These are miniature vacuum cleaners that can be carried around with ease. They are used for cleaning on a small scale and for cleaning upholstery.
- Robotic- These are some of the latest developments in vacuum cleaner technology. These units are allowed to roam around the house on their own and do cleaning without the need for manual control.